To test a novel calcium silicate cement mixed with a water-based gel (NeoMTA Plus) with regard to chemical-physical properties and apatite-forming ability.
NeoMTA Plus (Avalon Biomed Inc. Bradenton, FL, USA; lot. 2014090301) and a commercial MTA-based material with similar properties (MTA Plus, Prevest Denpro Limited, Jammu, India; lot. 41001) were tested for ion-releasing ability, initial and final setting times, radiopacity, open and impervious porosity and apparent porosity, water sorption, weight loss, solubility, ability to nucleate calcium phosphates (CaP) after immersion in HBSS (Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution) by ESEM-EDX and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The results were analysed statistically with the anova test (P < 0.05).
NeoMTA Plus had a prolonged setting time (315 min) and a satisfactory radiopacity (3.76 mm Al). Calcium and hydroxyl ion release was significantly greater and more prolonged in comparison with MTA Plus (P < 0.05). Both NeoMTA Plus and MTA Plus had high values of open porosity and solubility. ESEM-EDX and micro-Raman confirmed the ability to nucleate calcium phosphates on their surface after immersion in HBSS.
NeoMTA Plus is a new calcium silicate-based cement for root filling with an adequate radiopacity and prolonged setting time. The ion release and CaP-forming ability could increase stability of the root filling and promote endodontic and periodontal tissue regeneration, enhancing the bioactivity and biocompatibility of the material.