Mineral trioxide aggregate with anti-washout gel – properties and microstructure

ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION:

One of the problems encountered clinically when using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as a root-end filling material is washout immediately after placement. A novel MTA is supplied with an anti-washout gel that replaces the mixing water. The aim of this research was to characterize and assess the properties of a novel MTA mixed with an anti-washout liquid.

METHODS:

MTA Plus mixed with either water (MTA-W) or an anti-washout gel (MTA-AW) was investigated. Un-hydrated and set materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy X-ray dispersive analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) after being stored dry or immersed in Hank’s balanced salt solution (HBSS). The chemical and physical properties of the set materials were then investigated.

RESULTS:

The MTA Plus was composed of tricalcium silicate, dicalcium silicate and bismuth oxide. The anti-washout gel used was water-based and FT-IR plots showed the presence of an organic additive. Both materials immersed in HBSS displayed the presence of reaction by-product with MTA-W exhibiting a high-intensity calcium hydroxide peak on X-ray diffraction. The X-ray diffractograms of all materials following hydration demonstrated the reduction in peak intensity of the tri- and dicalcium silicate. Hydroxyapatite deposits were evident on the surfaces of both materials in contact with HBSS. The pH of the leachate was similar for both materials. MTA-AW exhibited lower levels of calcium ions in solution and reduced fluid uptake in the early stages of reaction. The anti-washout gel reduced the setting time of the cement and enhanced the compressive strength. The radiopacity of both materials was approximately 8mm aluminum.

CONCLUSION:

The use of the water-based anti-washout material instead of the standard water with MTA affects the hydration and properties of the set material.

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NeoMTA Plus is a stainproof, tricalcium silicate-based bioactive cement that can be used universally for vital pulp and other endodontic indications in primary and permanent teeth. NeoMTA Plus is a bioceramic cement that triggers the healing process. With NeoMTA Plus, general dentists, pediatric dentists, and endodontists now have a superior and reasonably priced bioceramic. Dentists praise the multi-use NeoMTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly, is easier to dispense and the unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

New, stain-free light color:

Ideal for pediatric dentistry—won’t discolor teeth
Liquids such as sodium hypochlorite won’t cause discoloration

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to base/liner
Pulpotomies to apexification
Sealer to perforation repair
Root-end filling to resorption

Non-cytotoxic

Inhibits bacterial growth* *Tested in vitro. Not a disinfectant

Grey MTA Plus is a bioceramic tricalcium silicate-based Dental Cement, which is slightly more radiopaque than (white) MTA. The light silvery color of MTA Plus is visible during placement. Grey MTA Plus is indicated for both Vital Pulp Therapy and Endodontic procedures. General dentists and endodontists praise the multi-use Grey MTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly and is easier to dispense. The unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to Base/Liner
Pulpotomies to Apexification
Sealer to Perforation Repair
Root-end Filling to Resorption

New, light grey color:

More radiopaque than the leading white MTAs
Visible for precise placement
Inhibits bacterial growth in vitro of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Non-cytotoxic

Better mixing, handling and placement:

Finer powder mixes more easily and smoothly
Dispense as little as 0.1 gm
Unique gel for stable placement
Washout resistant
No special equipment required

Smart, convenient packaging:

Protects fine powder in desiccant-lined bottle
Easy to dispense powder as needed
Dropper-tip gel bottle minimizes waste