Effects of Calcium Silicate-based Materials on Collagen Matrix Integrity of Mineralized Dentin

Introduction: Calcium silicate–based materials (CSMs) are used in various endodontic procedures. The present study examined whether prolonged contact of mineralized dentin with recently commercialized versions of these materials adversely affects dentin collagen matrix integrity.

Methods: Dentin slabs prepared from extracted human third molars (7  3  0.3 mm) were divided into 3 groups on the basis of the material to which dentin was exposed (MTA Plus, Biodentine, untreated control dentin slabs) and the time period of exposure (24 hours, 1, 2, and 3 months; n = 6). Hydroxyproline assay was performed on each group’s supernatant to quantify the collagen extraction amounts of each group per time period. Data were analyzed with two-factor repeated-measures analysis of variance and Holm-Sidak pair-wise comparisons (a = 0.05) to determine the effects of material and aging time on collagen extraction. Dentin slabs from the 3 months of aging group were demineralized for transmission electron microscopy examination of collagen matrix ultrastructural changes.

Results: Material (P = .002), aging time (P < .001), and their interactions (P = .007) significantly affected the amount of hydroxyproline (pg/mg of mineralized dentin) extracted from mineralized dentin and were significantly correlated by power regression models. Collagen degradation was identified from the surface of dentin slabs that were in direct contact with CSMs.

Conclusions: Prolonged contact of mineralized dentin with CSMs has an adverse effect on the integrity of the dentin collagen matrix. However, the amount of collagen extracted was limited to the contact surface. Clinicians can continue to apply CSMs in endodontic procedures; however, caution is advised when these materials are applied to thin dentinal walls. (J Endod 2012;38:829–833)

 

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NeoMTA Plus is a stainproof, tricalcium silicate-based bioactive cement that can be used universally for vital pulp and other endodontic indications in primary and permanent teeth. NeoMTA Plus is a bioceramic cement that triggers the healing process. With NeoMTA Plus, general dentists, pediatric dentists, and endodontists now have a superior and reasonably priced bioceramic. Dentists praise the multi-use NeoMTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly, is easier to dispense and the unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

New, stain-free light color:

Ideal for pediatric dentistry—won’t discolor teeth
Liquids such as sodium hypochlorite won’t cause discoloration

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to base/liner
Pulpotomies to apexification
Sealer to perforation repair
Root-end filling to resorption

Non-cytotoxic

Inhibits bacterial growth* *Tested in vitro. Not a disinfectant

Grey MTA Plus is a bioceramic tricalcium silicate-based Dental Cement, which is slightly more radiopaque than (white) MTA. The light silvery color of MTA Plus is visible during placement. Grey MTA Plus is indicated for both Vital Pulp Therapy and Endodontic procedures. General dentists and endodontists praise the multi-use Grey MTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly and is easier to dispense. The unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to Base/Liner
Pulpotomies to Apexification
Sealer to Perforation Repair
Root-end Filling to Resorption

New, light grey color:

More radiopaque than the leading white MTAs
Visible for precise placement
Inhibits bacterial growth in vitro of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Non-cytotoxic

Better mixing, handling and placement:

Finer powder mixes more easily and smoothly
Dispense as little as 0.1 gm
Unique gel for stable placement
Washout resistant
No special equipment required

Smart, convenient packaging:

Protects fine powder in desiccant-lined bottle
Easy to dispense powder as needed
Dropper-tip gel bottle minimizes waste