Cell Viability and Tissue Reaction of NeoMTA Plus: An In Vitro and In Vivo Study

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the cell viability and tissue reaction of NeoMTA Plus (NMP; Avalon Biomed Inc, Houston, TX) compared with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA; Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and Biodentine (BD; Septodont, Saint-Maur-de-Fossés, France).

METHODOLOGY:
Fibroblasts (3T3) were plated and exposed to 1% extract from the test material before and after setting. Cytotoxicity assessment was performed using the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazoyl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide and sulforhodamine B assays. In vivo evaluation consisted of polyethylene tube implantation of the materials in rat subataneous tissue. Histologic analysis occurred at 7, 30, and 90 days, scoring inflammatory events and collagen fiber formation. Analysis of variance and the Turkey and t tests were used for cytocompatibility assays, and the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the Dunn test were used for biocompatibility assays (P ≤ .05).

RESULTS:
The materials in the cytotoxicity assays presented greater viability after setting (P ≤ .05). NMP and MTA presented higher viability than the control (Dulbecco modified Eagle medium) on the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazoyl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay before and after setting (P ≤ .05). The sulforhodamine B assay showed that MTA and BD presented less viability than NMP and the control, and NMP was similar to the control before setting. After setting, MTA and BD presented higher viability when compared with the control group (P ≤ .05) and NMP was similar to control. Inflammatory infiltrate reduction occurred throughout the test periods for all materials. At 7 days, neutrophils were present in BD (P ≤ .05), and granuloma and giant cells were present in BD and MTA. At 30 days, BD showed intense inflammatory infiltrates and a large number of macrophages when compared with NMP, MTA, and the control (P ≤ .05). At 90 days, BD presented a thick fiber layer compared with NMP (P ≤ .05).

CONCLUSIONS:
NMP showed similar biocompatible behavior to MTA and BD.

Int Endod J. 2019 August, 52(8):1196-1209.
Francisco J. Rodrıguez-Lozano, DDS, PhD, Mar Collado-Gonzalez, BSc, MBB, S. López-García, David García-Bernal, BSc, PhD, Jose M. Moraleda, MD, DDS, PhD, Adrian Lozano, MD, DDS, PhD, Leopoldo Forner, MD, DDS, L. Murcia, Ricardo E. Oñate-Sanchez, MD

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NeoMTA Plus is a stainproof, tricalcium silicate-based bioactive cement that can be used universally for vital pulp and other endodontic indications in primary and permanent teeth. NeoMTA Plus is a bioceramic cement that triggers the healing process. With NeoMTA Plus, general dentists, pediatric dentists, and endodontists now have a superior and reasonably priced bioceramic. Dentists praise the multi-use NeoMTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly, is easier to dispense and the unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

New, stain-free light color:

Ideal for pediatric dentistry—won’t discolor teeth
Liquids such as sodium hypochlorite won’t cause discoloration

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to base/liner
Pulpotomies to apexification
Sealer to perforation repair
Root-end filling to resorption

Non-cytotoxic

Inhibits bacterial growth* *Tested in vitro. Not a disinfectant

Grey MTA Plus is a bioceramic tricalcium silicate-based Dental Cement, which is slightly more radiopaque than (white) MTA. The light silvery color of MTA Plus is visible during placement. Grey MTA Plus is indicated for both Vital Pulp Therapy and Endodontic procedures. General dentists and endodontists praise the multi-use Grey MTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly and is easier to dispense. The unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to Base/Liner
Pulpotomies to Apexification
Sealer to Perforation Repair
Root-end Filling to Resorption

New, light grey color:

More radiopaque than the leading white MTAs
Visible for precise placement
Inhibits bacterial growth in vitro of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Non-cytotoxic

Better mixing, handling and placement:

Finer powder mixes more easily and smoothly
Dispense as little as 0.1 gm
Unique gel for stable placement
Washout resistant
No special equipment required

Smart, convenient packaging:

Protects fine powder in desiccant-lined bottle
Easy to dispense powder as needed
Dropper-tip gel bottle minimizes waste