Biocompatibility of New Pulp-capping Materials NeoMTA Plus, MTA Repair HP, and Biodentine on Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells

Abstract:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity of MTA Repair HP, NeoMTA Plus, and Biodentine, newbioactive materials used for dental pulp capping, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs).

METHODOLOGY:
Biological testing was carried out in vitro on hDPSCs. Cell viability and cell migration assays were performed using eluates of each capping material. To evaluate cell morphology and cell attachment to the different materials, hDPSCs were directly seeded onto the material surfaces and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The chemical composition of the pulp-capping materials was determined by energy-dispersive X-ray and eluates were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Statistical differences were assessed by analysis of variance and Tukey test (P < .05).

RESULTS:
Cell viability was moderate after 24 and 48 hours in the presence of MTA Repair HP and NeoMTA Plus, whereas at 48 and 72 hours, Biodentine showed higher rates of cell viability than MTA Repair HP and NeoMTA Plus (P < .001). A cell migration assay revealed adequate cell migration rates for MTA Repair HP and NeoMTA Plus, both similar to the control group rates, meanwhile the highest cell migration rate was observed in the presence of Biodentine (P < .001). Scanning electron microscope studies showed a high degree of cell proliferation and adhesion on Biodentine disks but moderate rates on MTA Repair HP and NeoMTA Plus disks. Energy-dispersive X-ray pointed to similar weight percentages of C, O, and Ca in all 3 materials, whereas other elements such as Al, Si, and S were also found.

CONCLUSIONS:
The new pulp-capping materials MTA Repair HP, NeoMTA Plus, and Biodentine showed a suitable degree of cytocompatibility with hDPSCs, and good cell migration rates, although Biodentine showed higher rates of proliferation time-dependent.

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NeoMTA Plus is a stainproof, tricalcium silicate-based bioactive cement that can be used universally for vital pulp and other endodontic indications in primary and permanent teeth. NeoMTA Plus is a bioceramic cement that triggers the healing process. With NeoMTA Plus, general dentists, pediatric dentists, and endodontists now have a superior and reasonably priced bioceramic. Dentists praise the multi-use NeoMTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly, is easier to dispense and the unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

New, stain-free light color:

Ideal for pediatric dentistry—won’t discolor teeth
Liquids such as sodium hypochlorite won’t cause discoloration

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to base/liner
Pulpotomies to apexification
Sealer to perforation repair
Root-end filling to resorption

Non-cytotoxic

Inhibits bacterial growth* *Tested in vitro. Not a disinfectant

Grey MTA Plus is a bioceramic tricalcium silicate-based Dental Cement, which is slightly more radiopaque than (white) MTA. The light silvery color of MTA Plus is visible during placement. Grey MTA Plus is indicated for both Vital Pulp Therapy and Endodontic procedures. General dentists and endodontists praise the multi-use Grey MTA Plus because it mixes more smoothly and is easier to dispense. The unique gel enables more stable placement, washout resistance and faster clinical setting.

Multiple indications:

Pulp-capping to Base/Liner
Pulpotomies to Apexification
Sealer to Perforation Repair
Root-end Filling to Resorption

New, light grey color:

More radiopaque than the leading white MTAs
Visible for precise placement
Inhibits bacterial growth in vitro of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Non-cytotoxic

Better mixing, handling and placement:

Finer powder mixes more easily and smoothly
Dispense as little as 0.1 gm
Unique gel for stable placement
Washout resistant
No special equipment required

Smart, convenient packaging:

Protects fine powder in desiccant-lined bottle
Easy to dispense powder as needed
Dropper-tip gel bottle minimizes waste